Pop Culture’s Complicity in Sexual Harassment

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#me too

Complicity.

The word sounds vaguely menacing. Even if we’re not quite sure what complicity means, it sounds … bad.

To be complicit, Merriam-Webster’s dictionary says, involves “helping someone commit a crime or a wrong in some way.” We’re hearing that word used a lot lately—albeit perhaps slightly less literally—in connection with the sexual harassment and abuse stories of Harvey Weinstein, especially, and to a lesser extent with Louis C.K. and Matt Lauer. In fact, there have been so many similar news stories recently that dictionary.com named complicit its 2017 Word of the Year.

Yesterday, for example, The New York Times published a story titled, “Weinstein’s Complicity Machine.” The blurb summarizing the article says, “The producer Harvey Weinstein relied on powerful relationships across industries to provide him with cover as accusations of sexual misconduct piled up for decades.”

Weinstein’s predatory behavior seems to have been a not-very-well-kept secret in Hollywood, with some female celebrities warning others not to be alone with him as far back as 2005. I have no problem believing there may very well have been others who enabled his immoral, potentially illegal behavior.

But I also think there’s another player that’s complicit in the unfolding scandal of sexual assault allegations as well: Our popular culture.

Our culture is complicit in creating an environment ripe for exploitation, I’d argue, in two ways: One, our society is deeply infatuated with the idea that we should have no rules or limits on much of anything. And, two, our entertainment culture embraces and reinforces the notion that a woman’s primary value is in her sexual appeal—something that then becomes a commodity they’re encouraged to use.

Let’s begin with my first point.

Have you seen an Outback Steakhouse commercial lately? The company’s motto is, “No rules, just right.” Now, this is a ridiculous slogan on multiple levels, not the least of which is the fact that this restaurant chain does have rules: You can’t stroll in barefoot or shirtless; you have to pay when you’re done; you don’t get to behave any way you’d like without being asked to leave. In other words, there’s nothing about this slogan that’s actually true.

What it does do effectively, I suppose, is play to our culture’s collective embrace of radical individuality. The only thing that matters, the motto subtly suggests, is doing what you want to do. No rules, just right.

Many other companies have embraced that idea—what you want is what matters most—for decades now. Burger King jingle writers had us singing, “Have it your way” for years. Nike built its empire on the suggestion, “Just Do It.” All of these messages flow through the ether of our culture, coalescing in the idea that we all deserve whatever we want, right now. No limits, no rules, no fear, I’m going to just do it.

When that message is combined with our culture’s objectifying attitudes toward female sexuality, the result can become toxic and abusive.

That brings me to my second point: Our entertainment culture sexually objectifies women as a matter of course.

Throughout these unfolding stories of sexual abuse by (almost exclusively) men in positions of power and influence, women have come forward to talk about how these men have shamelessly objectified, harassed and assaulted them. Their experiences have been horrific, beyond the pale. The things these men have been accused of perpetrating are categorically wrong and immoral.

That said, the entertainment world in which these men and women live is one that itself objectifies them constantly—so much so that many of these female entertainers become willing participants in a system that views and presents them primarily in sexual terms.

A few recent examples:

How many times have we seen or heard actresses called “brave” for roles that involved nudity and/or explicit sex scenes—sometimes for the first time in these actresses’ careers? Looking back over the list of Best Actress nominees over the last several decades, many of these women received Oscar noms or nods for graphic, sexually oriented roles. And it’s happening again this year for Sally Hawkins, who repeatedly sheds her clothes in The Shape of Water—and is being hailed as the frontrunner for Best Actress for that role. The argument could be made that the most reliable way for a woman to earn an Oscar is to “bravely” disrobe onscreen.

Back in 2015, former Disney star Selena Gomez posed nude (albeit strategically covered) on the front of her most recent album. She said of that choice, “At the end of the day, it’s respecting every female artist’s choice in how she expresses herself, because that’s what she wants.” Writing about that quote—and the frequency with which young stars like Gomez, Miley Cyrus and Demi Lovato ended up unclothed to promote their music—I said:

When female stars grow up in the entertainment business, the vast majority of the time they’re eventually assimilated into that business’s worldview. …. With rare exceptions, they usually end up talking about how empowered and adult and healthy they feel about exploiting their own bodies for financial gain. As if it were their idea instead of the industry’s. So not only does the entertainment industry exploit these young women, along the way it executes a breathtakingly clever triple con wherein these girls believe that a) they’re not being exploited, b) they’re the ones making the choices to take their clothes off and c) doing so is a statement of personal empowerment rather than conformity to an industry that’s predetermined to reduce them to this lowest common denominator.

Rap’s ongoing misogyny, meanwhile, represents another enormous stream of cultural influence, and that genre’s stars often treat women as so much chattel—to be used, abused and disposed of however these men please. Kendrick Lamar is arguably one of more socially aware rappers out there these days, for example, but even he spouts degrading messages about women. On his song “YAH.,” from his latest album D–N, he sums up the message so many rappers deliver about women: “Keep the family close, get money, f— b–ches/ … But it’s money to get, b–ches to hit.”

Despite such blatant misogyny, these artists continue to sell and stream millions of songs—music that sends a strong message that men are entitled to do whatever they please to the females in their thrall.

These are but a few examples of how, I’d argue, our culture in general and popular entertainment in particular exalt and reinforce an environment in which powerful men treat women horribly.

Obviously, many more ingredients play into these terrible stories of harassment and abuse. We can’t point the finger of blame at these ubiquitous messages alone. But are they complicit? I believe they are. And as long as we collectively celebrate damaging messages such as these, the specter of someone fully embracing them will never be far behind.

For more on this topic, check out Focus on the Family president Jim Daly’s blog here.

Who wrote this?

Adam R. Holz is a senior associate editor for Plugged In. He also writes for Focus on the Family’s Clubhouse magazine and has been a Boundless contributor. In his free time (which there is sometimes precious little of) Adam enjoys playing guitar and constructing LEGO kits with his son. Adam and his wife, Jennifer, are the proud parents, in fact, of three children, one boy and two girls.

Have something to say? Leave a comment.

seraph_unsung 1 days ago
Thank you for saying that sexual assault is "categorically wrong and immoral," and for not making excuses—what was the person drinking, what was he or she wearing, was he or she being provocative, and so on.  There is no reason anyone should have to endure or be considered deserving of these sins.
Janice Marshall 2 days ago
Another seemingly safe media is commercials. The cinnamon square cereal always shows one sqare consuming the others, in other words canniblism is okay if it makes you happy.
Evan Weisensel 2 days ago
Yes, like people will actually start eating each other because an obviously comedic commercial that is not supposed to be taken seriously showed a food product eating another food product because said food product is very tasty....
Inkfeather1 . 2 days ago
I've never understood this whining about the current culture. Long before rappers and Burger King (really? You dragged their slogan into this?) we lived in a time when these crimes against women were not only MORE common than they are now, but in many circumstances either LEGAL or went completely unpunished. These people are being punished, not just by the law but by society in general. Whether you like pop culture or not (and I don't, it's pretty generic and boring), the fact remains that society has actually improved over what it used to be.  So I can't understand why you're stuck in such an old fashioned mindset of blaming everything and everyone other than the people responsible.
Joe Terrell 3 days ago
If you're reading this and you're a survivor of sexual assault, I just want you to know that it's not your fault. No matter how you dressed or what rap artist you listened to, you were not complicit in your own assault. You did not ask to be raped. Long before the Sexual Revolution, men in power have used their status and influence to exploit and take advantage of women. Do not blame yourself. You are loved and cherished, and what happened to you does not defined who you are. Reach out to a Sexual Assault Resource Center (SARC) or find a community within your church that will process your trauma with grace and truth.
Dan Haynes 3 days ago
Well put. 

It's a shame that you would have to make a clarification like that under a blog post on the website of a Christian "ministry", yet here we are. 
Anonymous 2 days ago
How is he making a clarification? He is making a statement. Not really seeing the clarification bit here, or why it is a shame. There was no need for a clarification. The statement that Mr. Terrell made was very true, but it is no clarification. 
Julienne Dy 2 days ago
Pluggedin isn't saying that women who make bad media choices deserve to be assualted.  It's making a statement about how popular culture's destructive messages to both men and women are contributing to the problem.   Popular culture tells men that they have a right to treat people as badly as they want and that no one is allowed to tell them that they are wrong.   The culture also tells women that worth and power  are measured by how shamelessly a woman flaunts her body and that anyone who tells her that her actions can have negative consequences is trying to oppress her.
Inkfeather1 . 2 days ago
I'm really trying to not be angry at your last sentence because you seem like a really nice person...but seriously? This has nothing to do with how women dress. Do some research, you have the whole internet at your fingertips. If dressing "shamelessly" had anything to do with assault then the Middle East would have the lowest rate and anywhere near a beach or pool would have the highest rates (spoilers: it's not that way at all). It's really disheartening to see people here constantly blaming the victim. They're already hurting, they don't need people like you who don't even know them (or what they were wearing at the time) making it worse.
Julienne Dy 2 days ago
"facepalm"  I'm not saying that victims who dress a certain way deserve to get assaulted!  "sigh"  Okay, I'm not even going to pretend that I know what it's like to be a guy, but I do have friends who are guys who were more than happy to tell me what it's like to be one.  I'm not sure if this is true for every guy, but they told me that a good man actually wants to control himself and the thoughts running through his mind (I'm not sure how much this applies to the sexual assault perpetrators).  When a girl actually takes the time and effort to help him control himself, it makes him feel respected and honored.  I'm sure they know what they're talking about because whenever we get together to play ultimate frisbee or some other kind of sport, those particular guy friends won't let themselves or other guys play shirtless in front of my or my girl friends as a way of respecting and honoring us back.  I honestly believe that at it's core modesty isn't about empowerment or rights or whether or not a girl deserves to get assaulted.  I think it's about mutual respect between men and women, and at it's core, sexual assault and harassment happen when that mutual respect isn't there.  To paraphrase Chris Pratt and whoever wrote Jurassic World, it's not about control; it's a relationship based on mutual respect.  Sure, other cultures say that women aren't worth respecting, but our culture is saying that men and women have the right to mutually disrespect each other, and that's still wrong.
Anonymous 2 days ago
Abuse in the Middle East is a result of the culture, a similar point to what PluggedIn is making with their article. Also, neither PluggedIn's blog post, or Ms. Dy's response, have anything to do with blaming victims. They have everything to do with what the culture believes it can and can not do. Are the victims to be blamed? Well they are called victims so I would assume not. If you are to be blamed you are not a victim. But is the culture to be blamed for teaching people that dressing a certain way, or acting a certain way, or that doing certain things to women is fine? Absolutely. Its a little bit saddening to see the amount of blaming that has gone on in this comment thread. It was kind of obvious what PluggedIn was speaking too in this blog post, and the amount of people who feel the need to panic and give speeches on the horrors of victim shaming is a little bit surprising. 
-AR
Julienne Dy 3 days ago
I think there's a verse in Psalms that says "The boundary lines have fallen for me in pleasant places."  Paradoxically,  that verse about boundaries makes me feel more liberated than the cultures insistence that there are no boundaries.  Being in a good place within those boundaries is better than ending up lost and stranded in a bad place because of a decision to live as if those boundaries aren't there. 
Andrew Gilbertson 3 days ago
Beautifully put, and so true!
bobed 4 days ago
A rapper? Spouting bad messages? Why, color me shocked!
Justice M. 2 days ago

To be fair, there’s bad messages being spouted by artists in almost *all* genres of music, and not all rap has bad messages (e.g. the introspective rhymes of twenty øne piløts). But I see your point, bobed. :)

Anonymous 2 days ago
Unfortunately, I have to agree. The Rapper spewing bad messages mantra is an often spoken one, and one that annoys me because I enjoy rap. However, one cannot deny that the many major rappers out there rap about some very, very worldly, bad stuff. I have turned away from rappers such as Lamar, Drake, and Eminem because of it.